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In 1878, nine years after its opening, Calderini Museum came into possession of various findings classified as antiquity items, divided into two sections: archaeology and ethnography. To the latter belongs a pre-Columbian human mummy, belonging to the Institution since 1868: a naturally preserved human body, completely dehydrated, found in South America. According to the records, the mummy was dug up in the Republic of Bolivia by request of the Italian Consul, and donated to the Museum by Francesco Fuselli of Arboerio (VC): the finding was brought in Italy on the corvette Magenta, which circumnavigated the globe between 1865 and 1868. The naturalists Enrico Hillyer Giglioli and Filippo De Filippi, at that time director of the Natural History Museum of Turin, were on board.
The mummy is crouched in foetal position and brachycephalic, with the right arm around the chest and the left one stretched between the legs, which are heavily bent.

The ethnoanthropological section of the Museum includes rich collections, different both geographically and thematically: cold weapons and firearms from the Italian Risorgimento (XIX century), but also weaponry and costumes from Africa; dolls wearing traditional Valsesia clothing, Chinese vases, wooden eastern statues and a rich numismatic collection, including a complete set of papal medals, complete the heterogeneous collection.